Philips HPI/T 375W Second Generation

This 2nd generation lamp represents a major improvement beyond Philips' first HPI lamps. The original conical-ended arc tubes suffered from small dimensional variations, which influenced halide vapour pressures and hence light colour. Here the shape has been optimised for horizontal-only burning, and takes the form of a flat-ended cylinder. The electrodes are recessed in end pockets that are coated with heat-reflective zirconia paint to keep that area hot. The result is an intentional and consistent cold spot at the sharp corners of the body, where the halides condense and result in tighter colour uniformity between lamps. A steatite tube over the frame beside the arc tube minimises photoelectric effects, to limit sodium loss and colour shift over life.

The arc tube fill has been changed to a Neon-Argon Penning mixture to reduce the igntion potential to about 700V. Since Neon is able to diffuse through quartz and would be lost if the outer jacket was under vacuum, it is filled with a Neon-Nitrogen mixture having the same partial pressure of Neon as the arc tube so that Ne diffuses back in as quickly as it is lost. Owing to the high thermal conductivity of neon, the arc tube is unusually small to attain high enough temperatures.

The arc tube seal reveals a curious residue of the exhaust process, in which small tubes of quartz were melted over the end to protect the seal during furnacing of the arc tube for 40h at 1030°C to bake out impurities - after which they were opened, re-filled with clean gas and finally tipped off.

The unusual rating of 375W refers to the actual lamp wattage - this was later re-rated to 400W, to indicate on which ballast the lamp should be operated.
Manufacturer: NV Philips Gloeilampenfabrieken
Lamp Power: 375 Watts
Lamp Current: 3.5 Amps
Lamp Voltage: 115 Volts 700V Ignition
Cap Type: E40s/45 Ni plated brass + porcelain
Bulb Type: T-46 T-16 in eighths/inch
Bulb Finish: Clear Borosilicate glass
Electrodes: Double Coil Tungsten Radioactive ThO2 emitter
Arc Length: 41.5 mm 1 5/8 inches
Atmosphere: (Na,In,Tl)Ix, Hg | Ne-0.5%Ar Outer: Ne-40%N2
Luminous Flux: 30,000 lm (@ 100hrs) approx.
Luminous Efficacy: 80 lm/W (@ 100hrs) approx.
Colour Temperature & CRI: CCT: 4500K CRI: Ra 65
Chromaticity Co-ordinates: CCx: 0.377 CCy: 0.386
Rated Lifetime: Not published
Warm-up & Re-strike time: 3 minutes 5 minutes
Burning Position: Horizontal ± 20°
Overall Length: 275 ± 8 mm 11 inches
Light Centre Length: 175 ± 8 mm 7 inches
Factory: Eindhoven Netherlands
Date of Manufacture: January 1974 Date Code 4A
Original / Present Value:
References: 1) "The Iodide Discharge Lamp", L.B. Beijer, C.A.J. Jacobs & T. Tol, Philips Technical Review 1968 V.29 No.12 pp.353-362
2) Philips Training Manual MTO Turnhoutlampen - Metaalhalogenidelampen, F. Oostvogels, D. v.Pijkeren & G. Rouweler, 1985.