Philips HPI/T 2000W 1st Generation

This lamp is representative of the earliest style of metal halide light source created by Philips. Its arc tube is dosed with the same chemistry as the first commercial metal halide lamps, namely the iodides of sodium (orange), thallium (green) and indium (blue) to achieve a white light output.

The quartz arc tube is hand-made, with the molybdenum ribbon leadthroughs being encapsulated into the quartz body by the original shrink-sealing technique in which the softened quartz is collapsed over the foils whilst under partial vacuum. This labour intensive process was quickly superseded in later designs by the pinch-sealing technique.

Heat-reflective coatings of colloidal graphite are applied behind the electrodes, to prevent the occurrence of a cold spot and to keep halide vapour pressures high for maximum performance. It was quickly learned that graphite also has a high vapour pressure causing it to gradually evaporate, and in modern lamps it has been replaced by refractory ceramics. The ends of the arc tube are conical to keep this area as hot as possible. A drawback of this shape is that the temperature changes with burning position, and these variations have a major impact on the emitted spectrum. Later HPI lamps have a cylindrical body with sharp corners to provide a controlled cold spot for stable performance.

The mount frame is glass-sleeved alongside the arc tube in an early but ineffective method to prevent photoemission from the metal surface. Opaque ceramic sleeves are more commonly employed today. The mount frame is supported by a small inward-pointing dimple, whereas in modern lamps a more robust outward pointing dimple has been adopted.
Manufacturer: Philips Lighting
Lamp Power: 2000 Watts
Lamp Voltage: 245 Volts 3kV for Ignition
Lamp Current: 9 Amperes
Cap Type: E40/89x82 Nickel Plated Brass
Bulb Type: TD-100 TD-32 in eighths/inch
Bulb Finish: Clear Borosilicate
Electrodes: Backwound Tungsten ThO2 emitter
Arc Length: mm inches
Atmosphere: (Na,In,Tl)Ix | Hg + Ar Outer: Nitrogen
Luminous Flux: 190,000 lm @ 100h
Luminous Efficacy: 95 lm/W @ 100h
Colour Temperature & CRI: CCT: 4300K CRI: Ra 70
Chromaticity Co-ordinates: CCx: CCy:
Rated Lifetime: approx. 5,000 hrs
Warm-up & Re-strike Time:
Burning Position: Horizontal  
Overall Length: 465mm inches
Light Centre Length: mm inches
Factory: Eindhoven Netherlands
Date of Manufacture: December 1968 M8
Original / Present Value: Unknown  
References: 1) "The Iodide Discharge Lamp", L.B. Beijer, C.A.J. Jacobs & T. Tol, Philips Technical Review 1968 V.29 No.12 pp.353-362