Mazda ME/D Glass Type Short Arc Mercury

ME mercury lamps have air-cooled quartz arc tubes loaded above 100 watts per centimetre, and this 250W lamp operates at a mercury vapour pressure of around 30 atmospheres. The /D suffix indicates that the lamp is for burning in the vertical base down position only, as the shape of the arc tube is often specially profiled for this orientation.

The arc burns between electrodes of solid tungsten to provide a compact light source of extremely high brightness. This, the simplest design of ME lamp, has the arc tube housed within a simple hard glass outer bulb and the cap is the standard 5-pin plug, once the principal mains electricity socket in use in the UK. The arc tube is filled with an argon-neon mixture for easy ignition, and a third auxiliary starting electrode penetrates the side of the arc tube. The arc tube and its end seals to molybdenum ribbon is hand-made throughout. To produce a lamp like this having a very short light centre length, the conventional stem assembly of the outer bulb has been replaced with a flat glass flange with three tungsten lead wires sealed through it, to which the arc tube and its support frame is welded.

ME/D lamps were once very popular light sources for monochrome slide and film projectors, film printers, and a great many still live on today in technical instruments such as projection microscopes and profile projectors. In addition to this glass design, a lamp having a pre-focussed base was also sold, and a number of types in metal boxes having quartz or glass windows were also made. Today, for new applications they have been totally superseded by the double ended bare arc tube designs such as Osram's HBO range.
Manufacturer: Associated Electrical Industries Ltd. (Lamp 94-0051)
Lamp Power: 250 Watts
Lamp Current: 3.7 / 4.6 Amps
Lamp Voltage: 60 / 75 Volts
Cap: 5-amp plug
Bulb Finish: Clear
Bulb Type: T-50
Overall Length: 141 ± 3 mm
Light Centre Length: 85 ± 1 mm
Electrodes: 3.75 ± 0.35 mm
Atmosphere: Solid Tungsten
Initial Arc brightness: 1.5% Neon in Argon
Luminous Flux: 20,000 stilbs (1,300 MHCP)
Colour Temperature & CRI: Not published
Chromaticity Co-ordinates: Not published
Rated Life: 500 hours
Factory: Leicester England
Date of Manufacture: September 1955
Original / Present Value: £16 15s 0d (1969) £166.75 (2001)
References: 1) BTH-Mazda Lamp Catalogue, UK, 1955, p.23