HPL Mercury with Magnesium Arsenate Phosphor

Until 1950 the only phosphor to be in popular use for mercury lamps was zinc cadmium sulphide, producing an orange colour light and doubling the red ratio of the lamp.  On account of the high cadmium content the the powder itself had a yellow base colour, which absorbed blue light and these lamps had a net greenish output, making them unpopular.

In 1950 a remarkable new phosphor was perfected by Westinghouse, this being Magnesium Fluoro-germanate activated by quadrivalent manganese.  It was almost neutral white in is base colour, had a high quantum efficiency, and added a significant amount of red light peaking at 658nm.  It was promptly licensed to all principal lampmakers, except Philips who had been working on its own materials.

Philips new HPL lamps instead favoured Magnesium Fluoro-arsenate, which had almost identical spectral properties since it is also activated by quadrivalent manganese.  Through this material Philips avoided having to pay licensing fees to Westinghouse for the use of its germanate materials.

Arsenate phosphors did have one serious drawback in the early days - it was found that the low oxygen partial pressure in the outer bulb resulted in the reduction of quadrivalent manganese to the divalent form, and the phosphor lost its efficiency quite rapidly.  The problem was rapidly solved through an ingenious solution - the gasfilling in the outer was changed to carbon dioxide.  The intense UV of the arc tube was then responsible for the evolution of oxygen from the gas at a tiny rate.  It proved just enough to prevent reduction of the phosphor while never rising to a high enough level to cause oxidation of the arc tube's moly foil seals.
Manufacturer: Philips Lighting (Lamp No. 57220G/97)
Lamp Power: 250 Watts
Lamp Current: 2.0 Amps
Lamp Voltage: 135 Volts
Cap Type: E40s/45 Ni plated brass + vitrite
Bulb Finish: Magnesium Arsenate Borosilicate hard glass
Bulb Type: ED-90 ED-28 in eighths/inch
Overall Length: 220 mm 8½ inches
Light Centre Length:
Arc Length:
Electrodes: Backwound tungsten Double carbonate emitter
Atmosphere: Inner: Hg | Ar Outer: Carbon dioxide
Luminous Flux: 9,800 lm @ 100 hrs 8,624 lm @ 2,000 hrs
Luminous Efficacy: 39.0 lm/W @ 100 hrs 34.5 lm/W @ 2,000 hrs
Colour Temperature & CRI: CCT: 4825K CRI: Ra28
Chromaticity Co-ordinates: CCx: 0.355 CCy: 0.399
Burning Position: Universal
Rated Lifetime: 6,000 hours Rated to 70% survival
Warm-up & Re-strike Time: 4 minutes 5 minutes
Factory: Eindhoven Netherlands
Date of Manufacture: September 1965 Date Code: J5
Original & Present Value: Unknown
References: 1) Philips UK Lamp Catalogue, 1965.
2) Philips Australia Lamp Catalogue, c. 1965.
3) Spectral and colour data from actual lamp measurement.