HQLS 250-01 'Silberweiß' Mercury Discharge

Narva manufactured three distinct types of coated mercury discharge lamp, all under the generic German name HQL to signify a high pressure mercury fluorescent lamp.  The three colours offered were HQLS Silberweiß (silver white), HQLG Goldweiß (warm white), and HQLD Deluxeweiß (deluxe).

A spectral scan of this Silberweiß lamp reveals that there is no substantial phosphor radiation at all.  However when zooming in on the lower end of this scale it is evident that  some phosphor emission is indeed present.  There is a broad orange emission centred around 600nm, and a broad blue radiation centred around 450nm.  This is characteristic of a fluorescent coating consisting of either calcium or strontium orthophosphate activated by divalent tin.  However the phosphor intensity is very low, compared for instance with a Westinghouse lamp employing this phosphor.  It is also possible that a simple calcium halophosphate coating has been applied by Narva.  This would have a similarly broad emission and on account of its inefficiency when stimulated by the high pressure discharge, would account for the low intensity.  The red ratio of this lamp is a mere 3.3%.

Narva's Goldweiß HQLG is a lamp employing the standard magnesium fluoro-germanate phosphor of that era, having a better degree of colour correction with a red ratio approx. 6.  The Deluxeweiß HQLD version marked the introduction of the modern europium activated yttrium vanadate, having an improved red ratio of 10%.

All three lamps were superseded in the mid 1970s by Narva's new generation of Naviflux products, under the NF name, which employ the standard yttrium vanadate type coating.
Manufacturer: VEB Berliner Glühlampenwerk
Lamp Power: 250 Watts
Lamp Current: 2.13 Amps
Lamp Voltage: 130 Volts
Cap Type: E40s/45 Ni plated brass + porcelain
Bulb Finish: Ca3(PO4)2:Sn2+ phosphor Borosilicate hard glass
Bulb Type: BT-90 BT-28 in eighths/inch
Overall Length: 183 mm 7¼ inches
Light Centre Length: 110 mm 4 3/8 inches
Arc Length:
Electrodes: Backwound tungsten Double carbonate emitter
Atmosphere: Inner: Hg | Ar Outer: Nitrogen
Luminous Flux: 12,200 lm (@ 100 hours)
Luminous Efficacy: 48.8 lm/W (@ 100 hours)
Colour Temperature & CRI: CCT: 5250K CRI: Ra20, Red Ratio 3.3%
Chromaticity Co-ordinates: CCx: 0.340 CCy: 0.399
Burning Position: Universal
Rated Lifetime: 8,000 hours Rated to 70% survival
Warm-up & Re-strike Time: 4 minutes 5 minutes
Factory: East Berlin East Germany
Date of Manufacture: 1969
Original & Present Value: Unknown
References: 1) Narva Hochdruckentladungslampen, 1970.
2) Spectral measurements.